- Saint Kitts and Nevis
Introduction ::Saint Kitts and NevisBackground:Carib Indians occupied the islands of the West Indies for hundreds of years before the British began settlement in 1623. In 1967, the island territory of Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla became an associated state of the UK with full internal autonomy. The island of Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to secede in 1971. The remaining islands achieved independence in 1983 as Saint Kitts and Nevis. In 1998, a vote in Nevis on a referendum to separate from Saint Kitts fell short of the two-thirds majority needed. Nevis continues in its efforts to separate from Saint Kitts.Geography ::Saint Kitts and NevisLocation:Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and TobagoGeographic coordinates:17 20 N, 62 45 WArea:total: 261 sq km (Saint Kitts 168 sq km; Nevis 93 sq km)country comparison to the world: 212land: 261 sq kmwater: 0 sq kmArea - comparative:one and a half times the size of Washington, DCLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:135 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nmcontiguous zone: 24 nmexclusive economic zone: 200 nmcontinental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental marginClimate:tropical, tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)Terrain:volcanic with mountainous interiorsElevation extremes:lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 mhighest point: Mount Liamuiga 1,156 mNatural resources:arable landLand use:arable land: 19.23%permanent crops: 0.38%other: 80.38% (2011)Irrigated land:0.18 sq km (2003)Total renewable water resources:0.02 cu km (2011)Natural hazards:hurricanes (July to October)Environment - current issues:NAEnvironment - international agreements:party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whalingsigned, but not ratified: none of the selected agreementsGeography - note:with coastlines in the shape of a baseball bat and ball, the two volcanic islands are separated by a 3-km-wide channel called The Narrows; on the southern tip of long, baseball bat-shaped Saint Kitts lies the Great Salt Pond; Nevis Peak sits in the center of its almost circular namesake island and its ball shape complements that of its sister islandPeople and Society ::Saint Kitts and NevisNationality:noun: Kittitian(s), Nevisian(s)adjective: Kittitian, NevisianEthnic groups:predominantly black; some British, Portuguese, and LebaneseLanguages:English (official)Religions:Anglican, other Protestant, Roman CatholicPopulation:51,134 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 209Age structure:0-14 years: 21.9% (male 5,596/female 5,589)15-24 years: 15.6% (male 3,940/female 4,042)25-54 years: 45.2% (male 11,782/female 11,353)55-64 years: 9.5% (male 2,464/female 2,401)65 years and over: 7.8% (male 1,771/female 2,196) (2013 est.)Median age:total: 33 yearsmale: 33.1 yearsfemale: 32.9 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:0.8% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 136Birth rate:13.79 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 145Death rate:7.06 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 132Net migration rate:1.23 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 53Urbanization:urban population: 32% of total population (2010)rate of urbanization: 1.8% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Major urban areas - population:BASSETERRE (capital) 13,000 (2009)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1 male(s)/female15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female55-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/femaletotal population: 1 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Infant mortality rate:total: 9.2 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 148male: 6.2 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 12.27 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 75.07 yearscountry comparison to the world: 98male: 72.67 yearsfemale: 77.5 years (2013 est.)Total fertility rate:1.78 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 155Health expenditures:6.7% of GDP (2010)country comparison to the world: 94Physicians density:1.1 physicians/1,000 population (2000)Hospital bed density:4.8 beds/1,000 population (2010)Drinking water source:improved:urban: 99% of populationrural: 99% of populationtotal: 99% of populationunimproved:urban: 1% of populationrural: 1% of populationtotal: 1% of population (2010 est.)Sanitation facility access:improved:urban: 96% of populationrural: 96% of populationtotal: 96% of populationunimproved:urban: 4% of populationrural: 4% of populationtotal: 4% of population (2010 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - deaths:NAObesity - adult prevalence rate:40.7% (2008)country comparison to the world: 11Education expenditures:4.2% of GDP (2007)country comparison to the world: 103Literacy:definition: age 15 and over has ever attended schooltotal population: 97.8%male: NAfemale: NA (2003 est.)School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):total: 13 yearsmale: 12 yearsfemale: 13 years (2008)Government ::Saint Kitts and NevisCountry name:conventional long form: Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevisconventional short form: Saint Kitts and Nevisformer: Federation of Saint Christopher and NevisGovernment type:parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realmCapital:name: Basseterregeographic coordinates: 17 18 N, 62 43 Wtime difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)Administrative divisions:14 parishes; Christ Church Nichola Town, Saint Anne Sandy Point, Saint George Basseterre, Saint George Gingerland, Saint James Windward, Saint John Capesterre, Saint John Figtree, Saint Mary Cayon, Saint Paul Capesterre, Saint Paul Charlestown, Saint Peter Basseterre, Saint Thomas Lowland, Saint Thomas Middle Island, Trinity Palmetto PointIndependence:19 September 1983 (from the UK)National holiday:Independence Day, 19 September (1983)Constitution:19 September 1983Legal system:English common lawInternational law organization participation:has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdictionSuffrage:18 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Sir Edmund LAWRENCE (since 2 January 2013)head of government: Prime Minister Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS (since 6 July 1995); Deputy Prime Minister Sam CONDOR (since 6 July 1995)cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general in consultation with the prime minister(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: the monarchy is hereditary; the governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor generalLegislative branch:unicameral National Assembly (14 seats, 3 appointed and 11 popularly elected from single-member constituencies; members serve five-year terms)elections: last held on 25 January 2010 (next to be held by 2015)election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - SKNLP 6, CCM 2, PAM 2, NRP 1Judicial branch:highest court(s): the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the itinerant superior court of record for the 9-member Organization of Eastern Caribbean States which includes Saint Kitts and Nevis; the ECSC - with its headquarters on St. Lucia - is headed by the chief justice and comprised of the Court of Appeal with 3 justices and the High Court with 16 judges; sittings of the Court of Appeal and High Court rotate among the member states; 2 High Court judges reside on Saint Kitts and Nevisnote - the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court in 2003 replaced the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London) as the final court of appeal on Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Kitts and Nevis is also a member of the Caribbean Court of Justicejudge selection and term of office: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court chief justice appointed by Her Majesty, Queen ELIZABETH II; other justices and judges appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission; Court of Appeal justices appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 65; High Court judges appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 62subordinate courts: magistrates' courtsPolitical parties and leaders:Concerned Citizens Movement or CCM [Vance AMORY]Nevis Reformation Party or NRP [Joseph PARRY]People's Action Movement or PAM [Shawn RICHARDS]Saint Kitts and Nevis Labor Party or SKNLP [Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS]Political pressure groups and leaders:NAInternational organization participation:ACP, AOSIS, C, Caricom, CDB, CELAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, Petrocaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTODiplomatic representation in the US:chief of mission: Ambassador Jacinth HENRY-MARTINchancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016telephone:  (202) 686-2636FAX:  (202) 686-5740consulate(s) general: Los Angeles, New YorkDiplomatic representation from the US:the US does not have an embassy in Saint Kitts and Nevis; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Saint Kitts and NevisFlag description:divided diagonally from the lower hoist side by a broad black band bearing two white, five-pointed stars; the black band is edged in yellow; the upper triangle is green, the lower triangle is red; green signifies the island's fertility, red symbolizes the struggles of the people from slavery, yellow denotes year-round sunshine, and black represents the African heritage of the people; the white stars stand for the islands of Saint Kitts and Nevis, but can also express hope and liberty, or independence and optimismNational symbol(s):brown pelicanNational anthem:name: ""Oh Land of Beauty!""lyrics/music: Kenrick Anderson GEORGESnote: adopted 1983Economy ::Saint Kitts and NevisEconomy - overview:The economy of Saint Kitts and Nevis depends on tourism; since the 1970s tourism has replaced sugar as the traditional mainstay of the economy. Following the 2005 harvest, the government closed the sugar industry, after several decades of losses. To compensate for lost jobs, the government has embarked on a program to diversify the agricultural sector and to stimulate other sectors of the economy, such as export-oriented manufacturing and offshore banking. Roughly 200,000 tourists visited the islands in 2009, but reduced tourism arrivals and foreign investment led to an economic contraction in 2009-2012, and the economy has not yet returned to growth. Like other tourist destinations in the Caribbean, St. Kitts and Nevis is vulnerable to damage from natural disasters and shifts in tourism demand. Furthermore, the government is constrained by one of the world's highest public debt burdens - equivalent to roughly 140% of GDP in 2012 - largely attributable to public enterprise losses.GDP (purchasing power parity):$946.3 million (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 205$955 million (2011 est.)$972.1 million (2010 est.)note: data are in 2012 US dollarsGDP (official exchange rate):$734 million (2012 est.)GDP - real growth rate:-0.9% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 197-1.9% (2011 est.)0% (2010 est.)GDP - per capita (PPP):$16,500 (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 81$17,000 (2011 est.)$17,700 (2010 est.)note: data are in 2012 US dollarsGDP - composition, by end use:household consumption: 59.6%government consumption: 12.1%investment in fixed capital: 35.3%investment in inventories: 0%exports of goods and services: 38.7%imports of goods and services: -45.7%(2012 est.)GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 1.7%industry: 23.3%services: 75% (2012 est.)Agriculture - products:sugarcane, rice, yams, vegetables, bananas; fishIndustries:tourism, cotton, salt, copra, clothing, footwear, beveragesIndustrial production growth rate:NA%Labor force:18,170 (June 1995)country comparison to the world: 210Unemployment rate:4.5% (1997)country comparison to the world: 40Population below poverty line:NA%Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: NA%highest 10%: NA%Budget:revenues: $185.2 millionexpenditures: $222.2 million (2012 est.)Taxes and other revenues:25.2% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 127Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):-5% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 165Public debt:144% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 4154% of GDP (2011 est.)Fiscal year:calendar yearInflation rate (consumer prices):2% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 405.9% (2011 est.)Central bank discount rate:6.5% (31 December 2009)country comparison to the world: 556.5% (31 December 2008)Commercial bank prime lending rate:9.3% (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 949.45% (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of narrow money:$177.4 million (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 177$177.8 million (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of broad money:$964.1 million (31 December 2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 170$879.1 million (31 December 2010 est.)Stock of domestic credit:$963 million (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 159$860 million (31 December 2011 est.)Market value of publicly traded shares:$598.4 million (31 December 2011)country comparison to the world: 110$623.9 million (31 December 2010)$648 million (31 December 2009)Current account balance:-$133.8 million (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 71Exports:$57 million (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 193$54.58 million (2011 est.)Exports - commodities:machinery, food, electronics, beverages, tobaccoExports - partners:US 55.3%, Canada 9.6%, Bangladesh 6.2% (2012)Imports:$339.6 million (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 195$218.3 million (2011 est.)Imports - commodities:machinery, manufactures, food, fuelsImports - partners:Algeria 59.9%, US 12%, Trinidad and Tobago 8.3% (2012)Debt - external:$189.4 million (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 187$199.1 million (31 December 2011 est.)Exchange rates:East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar -2.7 (2012 est.)2.7 (2011 est.)2.7 (2010 est.)2.7 (2009)Energy ::Saint Kitts and NevisElectricity - production:135 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 186Electricity - consumption:125.6 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 191Electricity - exports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 124Electricity - imports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 127Electricity - installed generating capacity:22,000 kW (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 194Electricity - from fossil fuels:100% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 35Electricity - from nuclear fuels:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 171Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 194Electricity - from other renewable sources:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 182Crude oil - production:0 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 182Crude oil - exports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 176Crude oil - imports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 117Crude oil - proved reserves:0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 181Refined petroleum products - production:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 127Refined petroleum products - consumption:1,496 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 195Refined petroleum products - exports:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 128Refined petroleum products - imports:1,699 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 183Natural gas - production:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 185Natural gas - consumption:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 189Natural gas - exports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 172Natural gas - imports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 124Natural gas - proved reserves:0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 187Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:303,500 Mt (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 186Communications ::Saint Kitts and NevisTelephones - main lines in use:20,600 (2010)country comparison to the world: 188Telephones - mobile cellular:84,600 (2010)country comparison to the world: 195Telephone system:general assessment: good interisland and international connectionsdomestic: interisland links via Eastern Caribbean Fiber Optic cable; construction of enhanced wireless infrastructure launched in November 2004; fixed-line teledensity about 40 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular teledensity is roughly 170 per 100 personsinternational: country code - 1-869; connected internationally by the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) and Southern Caribbean fiber optic system (SCF) submarine cables (2010)Broadcast media:the government operates a national TV network that broadcasts on 2 channels; cable subscription services provide access to local and international channels; the government operates a national radio network; a mix of government-owned and privately owned broadcasters operate roughly 15 radio stations (2007)Internet country code:.knInternet hosts:54 (2012)country comparison to the world: 213Internet users:17,000 (2009)country comparison to the world: 197Transportation ::Saint Kitts and NevisAirports:2 (2013)country comparison to the world: 204Airports - with paved runways:total: 21,524 to 2,437 m: 1914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2013)Railways:total: 50 kmcountry comparison to the world: 130narrow gauge: 50 km 0.762-m gauge on Saint Kitts for tourists (2008)Roadways:total: 383 kmcountry comparison to the world: 200paved: 163 kmunpaved: 220 km (2002)Merchant marine:total: 152country comparison to the world: 38by type: bulk carrier 16, cargo 81, chemical tanker 4, combination ore/oil 1, container 2, liquefied gas 3, passenger 2, passenger/cargo 7, petroleum tanker 27, refrigerated cargo 4, roll on/roll off 4, specialized tanker 1foreign-owned: 73 (Belgium 1, China 1, Egypt 1, Greece 2, India 2, Japan 2, Malaysia 1, Norway 3, Pakistan 1, Russia 13, Singapore 10, Turkey 18, UAE 8, UK 1, Ukraine 8, US 1) (2010)Ports and terminals:Basseterre, CharlestownMilitary ::Saint Kitts and NevisMilitary branches:Ministry of Foreign Affairs, National Security, Labour, Immigration, and Social Security: Royal Saint Kitts and Nevis Defense Force (includes Coast Guard), Royal Saint Kitts and Nevis Police Force (2013)Military service age and obligation:18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2012)Manpower available for military service:males age 16-49: 13,506females age 16-49: 13,089 (2010 est.)Manpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 10,742females age 16-49: 10,923 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 380female: 422 (2010 est.)Military expenditures:NATransnational Issues ::Saint Kitts and NevisDisputes - international:joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which permits Venezuela to extend its Economic Exclusion Zone/continental shelf over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean SeaIllicit drugs:transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe; some money-laundering activity"
The World Factbook. 2014.
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Saint Kitts and Nevis — noun /seɪnt ˌkɪts ænd ˈniː.vɪs/ A country in the Caribbean, officially named the Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis, comprising of the islands of Saint Kitts and Nevis … Wiktionary
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Saint Kitts and Nevis at the Olympics — Saint Kitts and Nevis first participated at the Olympic Games in 1996 and has sent athletes to compete in every Summer Olympic Games since then. St Kitts and Nevis has never competed at the Winter Olympic Games. Saint Kitts and Nevis has never… … Wikipedia
Saint Paul Capesterre, Saint Kitts and Nevis — Saint Paul Capesterre (known locally as Saint Paul s) is a town in the parish of Saint Paul Capisterre on the island of Saint Kitts, and the largest village in the Capisterre region. The village was a major source of labour for the Saint Kitts… … Wikipedia